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Ebû Şekûr es-Sâlimî’nin Hilâfete İlişkin Görüşleri

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Title: Ebû Şekûr es-Sâlimî’nin Hilâfete İlişkin Görüşleri
Author: Ümit, Mehmet
Abstract: The Caliphate/Imāmate was one of the most important issues among the Muslims following the death of the Prophet. This issue, especially with Shia, has been moved from the political area to the theological area. As a matter of fact, the Sunni theologians probably with the influence of Shiite scholars, included the Imāma/Khilāfa issue in their kalami issued and gave place to it in their works. One of them is the theologian Abū Shakūr al-Sālimī (d. after 460/1068) from Samarkand region. In the Ḥanafī biographical books, there is not much information about the life of Abū Shakūr. On the basis of some of the information given in his own work al-Tamhīd fī bayān at-tawḥīd, it is estimated that Abū Shākūr was born at first half of 5th century of the Hegirah (11th century). In this work, Abū Shakūr mainly dealt with the following issues: the mind/reason, the existence of Allah, the oneness of Allah, the names and attributes of Allah, miracles, revelation, the Miraculousness of Qur’an, literal kalam-spiritual kalam, the conditions of faith, caliphate and imamate, Ahl as-Sunnah, Ahl al-Bidʻah. As the title implies, in this paper, we will try to put forward the views of Abū Shakūr al-Sālimī on Khilāfa/Imāmate issue based on his work al-Tamhīd fī bayān at-tawḥīd. In this context, the views of the author about the meritorious virtues of the Companions of the Prophet will be pointed out. In addition, the criticism of Abū Shākūr al-Sālimī regarding the Shīa’s understanding of imamate will be examined. These issues, which the author deals with, are probably among the topics discussed in the region during his period.
Description: Article
Date: 2019-06-30

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